Chitin and Chitosan


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Biomineralization-inspired preparation of chitosan microparticles with inorganic shells

Satoshi Tanimoto

last updated 2022/4/1 (Glycoforum. 2022 Vol.25 (2), A4)  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32285/glycoforum.25A4

Chitin and chitosan, the structural polysaccharides that support the exoskeletons of marine organisms such as shrimp and crabs, are the second most abundant biomass after cellulose, but are yet to be fully utilized as natural resources. Various approaches to create high value-added materials using chitin and chitosan have been evaluated, and potential strategies for giving such materials greater functionality include chemical modification and increasing the complexity of shape or structure. In this paper, I will describe a method for preparing a new functional material by forming chitosan into microparticles and combining them with an inorganic material, calcium carbonate. ...and more

Applications of chitin and chitosan for wound healing

Kazuo Azuma

last updated 2020/04/01 (Glycoforum. 2020 Vol.23 (2), A6)  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32285/glycoforum.23A6

Various biological functions of chitin and chitosan, polysaccharides contained in crab shells, are known. Many studies conducted during the past 50 years have indicated the efficiencies of chitin and chitosan for wound healing. At present, wound dressings made from chitin are also used in the medical field. Here, the wound-healing effects of chitin and chitosan are explained. ...and more

Transition and Future Perspectives in Chitin and Chitosan Research

Hiroshi Seo

last updated 2019/06/01 (Glycoforum. 2019 Vol.22 (2), A6)  
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32285/glycoforum.22A6

The natural polysaccharides chitin and chitosan are mucopolysaccharides that are extracted mainly from crab shells and shrimp shells. Both chitin and chitosan have high affinity to the living body and have been extensively studied in various fields. They also have interactions with microorganisms and thus research extends to the agricultural and food realms all over the world. Chitin and chitosan are each found not only in solution form, but also in the form of fibers, porous beads, and sponges, depending on the usage. As the research on chitin and chitosan nanofibers is progressing with cutting-edge technology, the effects of size and specific surface area on expanding the possibilities of application are highly expected. ...and more

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